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LED Curing Boosts Efficiency, Sustainability

A screen printer pivots away from heat-based ink curing to enable single-piece flow while also benefitting the environment.



LED Curing Boosts Efficiency, Sustainability

SCREEN PRINTING IS A notoriously polluting industry. The sheer number of manual steps involved in many screen printing shops invites mistakes and material waste. LED curing can not only help screen printers do their part for the environment, but also have a multiplying effect on process efficiency and capacity for growth.

Generally, the most inefficient and unsustainable part of the screen printing process is the use of heat to cure (or “set”) solvent ink into the substrate. This process releases hazardous byproducts (including Methanol, Ethanol and more) that pollute the environment and are carcinogenic or otherwise toxic to humans. By opting for LED curation of UV inks, Empire is not just doing our part for the environment, but driving efficiency and cost savings throughout the entire screen printing process, from material usage to energy and utilities.

LED Curing Boosts Efficiency, Sustainability

The combination of UV and LED in manufacturing doesn’t produce ozone emissions or harmful volatile organic compounds (VOCs), eliminating the need for workplace ventilation systems. The UV LED process is also 98 percent more energy efficient than traditional UV mercury curing.

However, workflow speed is probably the biggest draw of LED curing from a financial standpoint. With traditional solvent technology, curing occurs only after the ink is printed, and traditional screen printing generally involves printing one color at a time. Typically, printers must wait 24 to 48 hours before moving onto the next step. Meanwhile, as much as 40 to 60 percent of solvent ink evaporates during each cycle.

With LED technology, 100 percent of the ink remains on the material. This method enables printing as many as 12 colors simultaneously, and curing takes less than 15 seconds. Businesses can go from raw material to finished product in less than 20 minutes, compared to a multi-week, sometimes multi-month process for a single project.


LED Curing Boosts Efficiency, SustainabilityLED curing is efficient and sustainable. Images courtesy of Empire.

At Empire, moving to LED curing enabled reorienting workflows for single-piece flow: the ability to make a finished product in one process, minimizing back-and-forth between manufacturing entities. This is possible because an LED-based workflow enables identifying and correcting problems in real time during manufacturing. Previously, a dedicated quality control team could point out errors only after the fact, and the process had to repeat. Material waste now stands at less than 1 percent for the entire year.

Redesigning the entire manufacturing process around LED curation can be intimidating when workflows are already in place. This is why it’s important to understand that companies using UV-based inks can cure with LED and mercury vapor within the same process to keep workflows moving during adoption. To ease the transition, Empire also developed its own off-the-shelf LED curing units.

Combining LED technology with investments in automation ensures our capacity is scalable- -that the company can continue to grow within its current structure. In fact, we source 30 percent of our jobs from screen printers that lack the capacity to print high-risk jobs, such as those with multiple colors. Our example shows how making sustainable choices also can save time, boost profits, and keep employees safe. It’s time the industry takes note.





Let’s Talk About It

Creating a More Diverse and Inclusive Screen Printing Industry

LET’S TALK About It: Part 3 discusses how four screen printers have employed people with disabilities, why you should consider doing the same, the resources that are available, and more. Watch the live webinar, held August 16, moderated by Adrienne Palmer, editor-in-chief, Screen Printing magazine, with panelists Ali Banholzer, Amber Massey, Ryan Moor, and Jed Seifert. The multi-part series is hosted exclusively by ROQ.US and U.N.I.T.E Together. Let’s Talk About It: Part 1 focused on Black, female screen printers and can be watched here; Part 2 focused on the LGBTQ+ community and can be watched here.

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